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Selected Publications

Many of these published studies have received wide-scale media coverage in hundreds of newspaper, magazine articles, and television and radio shows.

Anderson JW, Liu, C, Kryscio, RJ. Blood pressure response to Transcendental Meditation: A meta-analysis. American Journal of Hypertension 21(3): 310–316, 2008. Full article

Rainforth MV, Schneider RH, Nidich SI, King CG, Salerno JW, Anderson JW. Stress reduction programs in patients with elevated blood pressure: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Current Hypertension Reports 9:520–528, 2007. Full article

Jayadevappa R, Johnson J, Bloom B, Nidich S, Desa, S, Chhatre S, Razian, D, Schneider RH, Effectiveness of Transcendental Meditation on functional capacity and quality of life of African Americans with congestive heart failure: a randomized control study. Ethnicity and Disease, 17: 72-77, 2007. Full article

Orme-Johnson DW, Schneider R, Son YD, Nidich S, Cho Z. Neuroimaging of meditation’s effect on brain reactivity to pain. NeuroReport, 17(12):1359-63, 2006. Full article

Paul-Labrador M, Polk D, Dwyer JH, Velasquez I, Nidich SI, Rainforth M, Schneider RH, Bairey Merz CN. Effects of randomized controlled trial of Transcendental Meditation on components of the metabolic syndrome in subjects with coronary heart disease. Archives of Internal Medicine, 166:1218-1224, 2006. Full article

Schneider RH, Walton KG, Salerno JW, Nidich SI. Cardiovascular disease prevention and health promotion with the Transcendental Meditation program and Maharishi Consciousness-Based Health Care. Ethnicity and Disease, 16(3 Suppl 4):S4-15-26, 2006. Full article

Schneider RH, Alexander CN, Staggers F, Rainforth M, Salerno JW, Hartz A, Arndt S, Barnes VA, Nidich SI. Long-term effects of stress reduction on mortality in persons ≥ 55 years of age with systemic hypertension. American Journal of Cardiology, 95:1060-1064, 2005. Full article

Schneider RH, Alexander CN, Staggers F, Orme-Johnson DW, Rainforth M, Salerno JW, Sheppard W, Castillo-Richmond A, Barnes VA, Nidich SI. A randomized controlled trial of stress reduction in African Americans treated for hypertension over one year. American Journal of Hypertension, 18:88-98, 2005. Full article

Schneider, R., Alexander, C., Salerno, J., Rainforth, M. and Nidich, S. Stress reduction in the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease in African Americans: A review of controlled research on the Transcendental Meditation program. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 2005. 17(1): p. 159-180.

Nidich, S.I., Schneider, R., Nidich, R.J., Foster, G., Sharma, H., Salerno, J.W., Goodman, R. and Alexander, C. Effect of the Transcendental Meditation program on intellectual development in community-dwelling older adults. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 2005. 17(1): p. 217-228

Nidich, S.I., Nidich, R.J., Sands, D., Schneider, R.H., Sharma, H.M., Barnes, V.A., Jossang, S. and Smith, D.E. Maharishi Rejuvenation Program and speed of processing ability. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 2005. 17(1): p. 565-570

Walton, K.G., Fields, J.Z., Levitsky, D., Harris, D.A., Pugh, N.D. and Schneider, R. Lowering cortisol and CVD risk in postmenopausal women: a pilot study using the Transcendental Meditation (TM) Program. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 2004. 1032: p. 211-215

Walton KG, Schneider RH, Nidich S. Review of controlled clinical research on the Transcendental Meditation program and cardiovascular disease: Risk factors, morbidity, and mortality. Cardiology in Review, 12(5): 262-266, 2004. Full article

Walton, K.G., R.H. Schneider, S.I. Nidich, J.W. Salerno, C.K. Nordstrom, and C.N. Bairey-Merz. Psychosocial stress and cardiovascular disease 2: Effectiveness of the Transcendental Meditation technique in treatment and prevention. Behavioral Medicine, 2002. 28(3): p. 106-123.

Fields, J.Z., Walton, K.W., Schneider, R.S., Nidich, S.I., Pomerantz, R., Suchdev, P., Castillo-Richmond, A., Payne, K., Clark, E.T., Rainforth, M. Effect of a Multimodality Natural Medicine Program on Carotid Atherosclerosis in Older Subjects: A Pilot Trial of Maharishi Consciousness-Based Health Care. American Journal of Cardiology Vol 89, (8), 952-958, April 15 2002.

Schneider RH, Alexander CN, Salerno J, Robinson DK, Fields JZ, Nidich SI. Disease prevention and health promotion in the aging with a traditional system of natural medicine: Maharishi Vedic Medicine. Journal of Aging and Health, 14(1): 57-78, 2002. Full article

Schneider, R.H., Nidich, S.I., Salerno, J.W. “The Transcendental Meditation program: Reducing the risk of heart disease and mortality and improving quality of life in African Americans.” Ethnicity and Disease, vol 11(1), 159-160, Winter, 2001

Nidich, S.I., Schneider, R.H., Nidich, R.J., Rainforth, M., Salerno, J.W., Scharf, D., Smith, D.E., Dillbeck, M.C., Nader, T.A. “Maharishi Vedic Vibration Technology on chronic disorders and associated quality of life.” Frontiers in Bioscience vol 6, h1-h6, April 1, 2001

Nader, T.A., Smith D.E., Dillbeck, M.C., Schanbacher, V., Dillbeck, S.L., Gallois, P., Beall-Rougerie, S., Schneider, R.H., Nidich, S.I., Kaplan G.P., Belok, S. “A double blind randomized controlled trial of Maharishi Vedic Vibration Technology in subjects with arthritis.” Frontiers in Bioscience vol6, h7-h17, April 1, 2001

Nader, T., Rothenberg, S., Averbach, R., Charles, B., Fields, J.Z., Schneider, R.H. “Improvements in Chronic Diseases with a Comprehensive Natural Medicine Approach: A Review and Case Series.” Behavioral Medicine vol 26, 34-46, Spring, 2000

Castillo-Richmond A, Schneider RH, Alexander C, Cook R, Meyers H, Nidich S, Haney C, Rainforth M, Salerno, J. Effects of the Transcendental Meditation Program on carotid atherosclerosis in hypertensive African Americans, Stroke, 31: 568-573, 2000. Full article

Herron, R.E., Hillis, S.L. “The impact of the Transcendental Meditation program on government payments to physicians in Quebec: An update — accumulative decline of 55% over a 6-year period.” American Journal of Health Promotion, vol 14(5), 284-293, 2000

Orme-Johnson, D.W., Walton, K.G. “All Approaches to Preventing or Reversing the Effects of Stress are Not the Same.” American Journal of Health Promotion vol 2(5), 297-299, 1998

Schneider, R.H., Nidich, S.I., Salerno, J.W., Sharma, H.M.,Robinson, C., Nidich, R. “Lower lipid peroxide levels in practitioners of the Transcendental Meditation program.” Psychosomatic Medicine vol 60, Jan/Feb 1998

Orme-Johnson, D.W. & Herron, R.E. “An Innovative Approach to Reducing Medical Care Utilization and Expenditures.” The American Journal of Managed Care 3(1), 135-144, 1997. Abstract

Wenneberg, S.R., Schneider, R.H., MacLean, C., Levitsky, D.K., Walton, K.G., Mandarino, J.V., Salerno, J.W., Wallace, R.K., Waziri, R. “A controlled study of the effects of Transcendental Meditation on cardiovascular reactivity and ambulatory blood pressure.” International Journal of Neuroscience 89, 15-28, 1997 Abstract

MacLean, R.K., Walton, K.W., Wenneberg, S.R., Levitsky, D.K., Mandarino, J.V., Waziri, R., Hillis, S.L., and Schneider, R.H. “Effects of the Transcendental Meditation Program on adaptive mechanisms: Changes in hormone levels and responses to stress after four months of practice.” Psychoneuroendocrinology vol 22(4), 1997 Abstract

Barnes, V.A., Schneider, R.H., Alexander, C., Staggers, F. “Stress, stress reduction and hypertension in African Americans: An updated review.” Journal of the National Medical Association vol 89(7), 464-476, 1997

Herron, R., Schneider, R.H., Mandarino, J.V., Alexander, C.N., Walton, K.G. “Cost-effective hypertension management: comparison of drug therapies with an alternative program.” American Journal of Managed Care 2(4), 427-437, 1996. Abstract

Alexander, C.N., Schneider, R.H., Clayborne, M., Sheppard, W., Staggers, F., Rainforth, M., Salerno, J., Kondwani, K., Smith., Walton, K.G., Egan, B. “A trial of stress reduction for hypertension in older African Americans (Part II): Gender and risk subgroup analysis.” Hypertension 28(2), 228-237,1996. Abstract

Zamarra, J.W., Schneider, R.H., Besseghini, I., Robinson, D., Salerno, J. “Usefulness of the Transcendental Meditation program in the treatment of patients with coronary artery disease.” American Journal of Cardiology 77,867-870, 1996. Abstract

Schneider, R.H., Staggers, F., Alexander, C.N., Sheppard, W., Rainforth, M., Kondwani, K., Smith, S., King, C. “A randomized controlled trial of stress reduction for hypertension in older African Americans.” Hypertension 26, 820-827, 1995. Abstract

Herron, R.E., Hillis, S.L., Mandarino, J.V., Orme-Johnson, D.W., and Walton, K.W. “The Impact of the Transcendental Meditation Program on Government Payments to Physicians in Quebec.” The American Journal of Health Promotion 10(3), 208-216, 1994. Abstract

Alexander, C.N., Robinson, P., Schneider, R.H., Orme-Johnson, D., and Walton, K.G. “The effects of Transcendental Meditation compared to other methods of relaxation and meditation in reducing risk factors, morbidity and mortality.” Homeostasis 35 (4-5), 243-264, 1994.

Alexander, C.N., Robinson, P., and Rainforth, M. “Treating alcohol, nicotine and drug abuse through Transcendental Meditation: A review and statistical meta-analysis.” Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly 11(12), 11-84, 1994.

Schneider, R.H., Alexander, C.N., and Wallace R.K. “In search of an optimal behavioral treatment for hypertension: A review and focus on Transcendental Meditation.” In E.H. Johnson, W.D. Gentry, S. Julius (Eds.), Personality, Elevated Blood Pressure, and Essential Hypertension, Washington: Hemisphere, pp. 291-318, 1992. Abstract


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